Le Congrès des Psychanalystes des pays romans: quelques éléments d’histoire : 1991 : Alain de Mijolla

by Julia Evans on January 1, 1991

Published in Revue française de psychanalyse, 55(1):7-36  1991  

Available from www.LacanianWorksExchange.net /authors by date or authors a-z

There is no translation and notes based on this paper  are available from www.encyclopedia.com See here       

Two reasons for circulating this text

it contributes greatly to the understanding of the 1953 split. 

Related texts to the split

Some Lacanian history  here 

Conference Report, SIR : Inaugural meeting of SFP, Paris : 8th July 1953 : Jacques Lacan or here  

Minutes of the meeting of the International Psychoanalytical Association : 30th July 1953 : Dr Heinz Hartmann (IPA President & Chairman of the Meeting) or here 

 Television: A Challenge to the Psychoanalytic Establishment : 1990 : Joan Copjec (Editor) or here 

– Seminar IV : 1956-1957

In drawing the distinction between object relation practitioner (about whom he is scathing) and his practice, Jacques Lacan many times gives examples from within these Congresses, especially Sacha Nacht & the contributors to the collection : La psychanalyse d’aujourd’hui. 

In Seminar IV [see Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here], 27th February 1957, para 11, Lacan states : I am alluding to these articles of someone named Mallet on the phobias, who wants to tell us how phobias – primitive phobias – explain the child’s first relations with the dark, and in particular how these anxieties give rise to the image of the father. [provisional translation] Mallet does appear in the Collection, and this text was presented at the XVIII Congress of psychoanalysts of Romance languages in Paris in 1955.  Citation : (1956). Revue française de psychanalyse, 20(1-2):237-293 : See Troisième Rapport – Contribution à l’étude des phobies : probably September 1955 (Paris) : Jean Mallet  or here     

Edited highlights from this history – See www.encyclopedia.com & here 

-their beginning in 1926, was announced by Sigmund Freud,  In the 1928 conference two cliques formed. On one side were the “orthodox” Freudians, grouped around Marie Bonaparte and including Eugénie Sokolnicka, Rudolph Loewenstein, and two Swiss members, Raymond de Saussure and Charles Odier. On the other side were the partisans of a “French psychoanalysis,” associated with the medical and institutional hierarchy. They had Édouard Pichon as their bellicose herald, along with Angélo Hesnard, René Allendy, Georges Parcheminey, Henri Codet, and later René Laforgue.

– Rudolph Loewenstein was both Sacha Nacht’s and Jacques Lacan’s analyst.  Nacht opposes Loewenstein in the 1938 session

– This eleventh conference, held in Brussels between May 14 and 17, 1948, was organized around Sacha Nacht’s paper “Les manifestations cliniques de l’agressivité et leur rôle dans le traitement psychanalytique” (Clinical manifestations of aggression and their role in psycho-analytic treatment; 1948) and Jacques Lacan’s paper “L’agressivité en psychanalyse” (Aggression in psychoanalysis; 1948). [Information Aggressivity in Psychoanalysis : mid-May 1948 (Brussels) : Jacques Lacan or here

– This conference (1948) was distinguished most of all by the presence of Melanie Klein, who, however, failed to make converts among French psychoanalysts.

– on October 16, 1951, the conference changed its name to the Conference of Romance-Language Psychoanalysts, an extension attributed to Jacques Lacan.

– In 1953 a sixteenth special conference was held in Rome. The division of the Société psychanalytique de Paris (Paris Psychoanalytic Society) (SPP) in June divided the conference into two parts. In one, the members of the society listened to Emilio Servadio, Francis Pasche, René Spitz (who came from New York), Serge Lebovici, and René Diatkine. They then departed, and members of the new Société française de psychanalyse (French Society of Psychoanalysis) entered to listen to Jacques Lacan’s paper “Fonction et champ de la parole et du langage en psychanalyse” (The function and field of language in psychoanalysis). [Information The Function and Field of Speech and Language in Psychoanalysis (Rome) : 26th September 1953 : Jacques Lacan  or here]  

– Jealously simmering in the Paris Psychoanalytic Society tore the two rival societies apart for more than a decade, and the following conferences of French-speaking psychoanalysts fit into the general strategy of the two societies’ struggle for influence.

Yet the conferences were also the scene of original theoretical elaborations marking the evolution and deepening of the psychoanalytic thinking of members of the Paris Psychoanalytic Society. This can be seen from a sample of papers presented at the conferences: Sacha Nacht and Serge Lebovici, “Indications et contre-indications de la psychanalyse chez l’adulte” (Indications and contraindications for psychoanalysis for adults; 1954); René Diatkine and Jean Favreau, “Le caractère névrotique” (The neurotic character; 1956);  


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Julia Evans             

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst in London & Sandwich in Kent


Related Text

Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here   

Further posts:

Some Lacanian history  here

Of the clinic  here      

By Sigmund Freud  here 

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud  here       

By Jacques Lacan  here   

By Alain de Mijolla  here    

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here 

Translation Working Group here 

By Julia Evans here