Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan

by Julia Evans on November 21, 1956

Published:

In English : a translation is in process from unedited tapes .

Sessions 1-8 together with many references now available from www.LacanianWorksExchange.net.

In French : Livre IV, La Relation d’Objet, , 1956 to 1957 : Jacques Lacan : edited by Jacques-Alain Miller : Éditions du Seuil, Mars 1994

Jacques Lacan & Psychoanalytical Institutions – some context

Information at the end of this post and in notes : See ECp4 & ECp7 of here

Session dates with page numbers in the French edition [Fp] & availability in English translation [ECp]

Translation, a work in progress, by the Earl’s Court Collective : 

Alma Buholzer, Greg Hynds
,  Jesse Cohn, 
Julia Evans (www.lacanianworks.net),

from August 2021 Ganesh Anantharaman,  from January 2022 Grace Weber

AVAILABILITY of Seminar IV : Sessions 1 to 10 : Publication date April 2021 : To download go to www.LacanianWorksExchange.net/lacan or here  

Note : If links to any required text do not work, check www.LacanianWorksExchange.net. If a particular text or book is missing, contact Julia Evans.

Notes & References

Background reading

Especially for 23rd January 1957 & 30th January 1957 : Introduction to Introduction to Female Sexuality – The early psychoanalytic controversies : 1999 : Russell Grigg, Dominique Hecq & Craig Smith  : See here

Index

L’objet et son concept – Indexation des Écrits de Jacques Lacan : Christian Hoffmann : 1988 & Réferences de Lacan au texte de Freud I. de 1882 à 1913 : Marie Guastalla & Références de Lacan au texte de Freud II. De 1914 à 1939 : Marie Guastalla : Published by www.Freud2Lacan.com  /Lacan (74. Lacan’s references to Freud’s texts) 

Notes

These are a work in progress : notes exist for all sessions translated to date, just ask.

Notes & References for Jacques Lacan’s Seminar IV : 21st November 1956 by Julia Evans on 28th February 2017 or here 

Notes & references for Jacques Lacan’s Seminar IV : 28th November 1956 by Julia Evans on 2nd July 2017 or here  

Seminar IV : 27th February 1957 – The Anorexic Gap  by Julia Evans on 1st February 2022  or  here  
 
Related text :  Comment on how Jacques Lacan’s texts grow or shrink over time! : 11th March 2022 : Julia Evans  by Julia Evans on 11th  March 2022 here   

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1  Seminar IV : 21st November 1956 – Fp11

Notes

Notes on Sacha Nacht : What is concealed by the so-called “Cht” and why? : 9th March 2019 : Réginald Blanchet or here

Notes & References for Jacques Lacan’s Seminar IV : 21st November 1956 by Julia Evans on 28th February, 2017 or here

Tracing Stages linked to Libido in Freud by Julia Evans on 24th October 2017 or here

Introduction to ‘The Complete Letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess 1887-1904′ : 1950 : Ernst Kris or here

References

P3 :  Evolution de la psychanalyse : 1956 : Maurice Bénassy  : See here

p3 : Clinical analysis : 1956 : Maurice Bouvet : See here

p3 La thérapeutique psychanalytique (Psychoanalytic Therapy) : 1956 : Sacha Nacht  or  here

p4 The Primal Cavity : a contribution to the genesis of perception and its role for psychoanalytic theory : 1955 : René Spitz : See here

p7 : A Short Study of the Development of the Libido, Viewed in the Light of Mental Disorders : 1924 : Karl Abraham : See here

p10 Edward Glover see

Grades of Ego-Differentiation : 27th July 1929 (Oxford) published 1930 : Edward Glover & here

On the Etiology of Drug-addiction : July 1932 : Edward Glover or here

The relation of perversion-formation to the development of reality-sense : 7th September 1932 (Wiesbaden) [1933] : Edward Glover or here

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  1. Seminar IV : 28th November 1956 – Fp25

Notes

Notes on Sacha Nacht : What is concealed by the so-called “Cht” and why? : 9th March 2019 : Réginald Blanchet or here

Notes & references for Jacques Lacan’s Seminar IV : 28th November 1956 by Julia Evans on 2nd July 2017 or here

Some comments on ‘reality’ are included in the following post : Psychical reality in action (See here) by Julia Evans  on 18th September 2014

pEC1 p347-445 : The Project for a Scientific Psychology: 23rd & 25th September & 5th October 1895: Sigmund Freud or here

ECp1 P598 – 600 of SE Vol V :  Section E The Primary and Secondary Processes of Chapter VII The Psychology of the Dream Processes of  The Interpretation of Dreams: 1st November 1899 (published as 1900): Sigmund Freud  : See here

ECp3 Clinical analysis : 1956 : Maurice Bouvet or here

ECp3 p321 of Russell Grigg’s translation. : Seminar III: The Psychoses: 1955-1956: from 16th November 1955: Jacques Lacan or here

ECp3 The Phallic Phase : given in Wiesbaden on 4th September 1932 [1933] : Ernest Jones or here

pEC 5 ‘is it real – yes or no’ may be a reference to The Primal Cavity : a contribution to the genesis of perception and its role for psychoanalytic theory : 1955 : René Spitz See here

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  1. Seminar IV : 5th December 1956 – Fp41

Notes

Para 16 This means that in all cases this reference to a strictly chemical support has no importance whatsoever.

– See Notes & references for Jacques Lacan’s Seminar IV : 28th November 1956 by Julia Evans on 2nd July 2017 or here

– See also Introduction to ‘The Complete Letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess 1887-1904′ : 1950 : Ernst Kris See here for quotes from p22-23 & 44-45

References:

Para 1 : Discussion de la Conférence : 4th December 1956 : Françoise Dolto  or here    

Observation of a Phobia : December 1946 (London) : Anneliese Schnurmann or here

The early development of female sexuality : 1st September 1927 (Innsbruck) : Ernest Jones or here

Early Female Sexuality : 24th April 1935 : Ernest Jones or here

The Theory of Symbolism : 1916 : Ernest Jones or here

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4. Seminar IV : 12th December 1956 – Fp59

Paragraph 14 : Love for the Mother and Mother Love : 1939 : Alice Balint or here

Jacques Lacan’s comment ‘Mr and Mrs Balint of love in which egotism and gift are perfectly reconcilable,’ refers to Preface to ‘Primary Love and Psycho-analytic Technique’ : April 1952 : Michael Balint : See here

Paragraph 17 & 47 : The Reality of the Object and Economic Point of View : 25th July 1955 (Geneva) : Francis Pasche & Michel Renard or here

Paragraph 43 : The case study which is examined : Observation of a Phobia : December 1946 (London) : Anneliese Schnurmann or here

Very probably The Theory of Symbolism : 1916 : Ernest Jones or here : near the end of this session.

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5. Seminar IV : 19th December 1956 – Fp77

Paragraph 2 : Probably Clinical analysis : 1956 : Maurice Bouvet : See here

Paragraph 3 : Importance du rôle de la motricité : 13th November 1954 (Paris) : Pierre Marty & Michel Fain or here

Para 4 : ‘it is at this level, here, that which is localised in the analyst’s spirit’ : There are references to Lacan’s use of ‘spirit’ in the notes to Seminar IV : 5th December 1956.  Awaiting publication.

Paragraph 18 : Observation of a Phobia : December 1946 (London) : Anneliese Schnurmann: Available here

Paragraph 21 : ‘written in Freud’s name on the distinction between the anaclitic relation and the narcissistic relation’ : On Narcissism – an Introduction : March 1914 : Sigmund Freud or here

& Paragraph 21 : Section [5] The finding of an object : in Essay III Transformations of puberty : from ‘Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality’ : 1905 : Sigmund Freud

Paragraph 25 : Libidinal Types : 1931a : Sigmund Freud : SE 21 : p217-220

Paragraph 34 : ‘someone such as Phyllis Greenacre, who seriously attempted to deal with the foundation of the fetishist relation in depth’ : Certain Relationships Between Fetishism and Faulty Development of the Body Image : 1953 : Phyllis Greenacre or here

Para 35 : The Rome Report which is published as The Function and Field of Speech and Language in Psychoanalysis (Rome) : 26th September 1953 : Jacques Lacan : See  here  in Écrits : 1966 : Jacques Lacan: Further information here

&

Rome Discourses – to introduce his report (Rome) : 26th September 1953 : Jacques Lacan  or here. Published in Autres Écrits: 2001 : Jacques Lacan : For details see here

Paragraph 37 : Here, there is the report from a session, written in 1933 or 1934, with all of the patient’s movements during the session, directed inasmuch as it manifests something which is the more or less manifest urge at more or less of a distance from the analyst, who is there behind her back.

See  Transitory Sexual Perversion in the Course of a Psychoanalytic Treatment : July 1955 (Geneva) : Ruth Lebovici or  here   for notes and availability.

Paragraph 39 : There is nonetheless something rather striking here, even though this text was published since I wrote my Rome Report, and this proves that I forced nothing in saying that the practice of analysis, in a certain conception, was being reduced to this aim and to these psychological consequences.

See The Function and Field of Speech and Language in Psychoanalysis (Rome) : 26th September 1953 : Jacques Lacan  or here. Note : There are two published items from the Rome Congress held at the Istituto di Psicologia della Università di Roma
on 26thand 27th September 1953. The first is the Rome Report, which is published in the Écrits : 1966 : Jacques Lacan, see here,  and secondly, ]  Rome Discourses – to introduce his report (Rome) : 26th September 1953 : Jacques Lacan : Information & availability here which is published in Autres Écrits: 2001 : Jacques Lacan or here.

Paragraph 39 : : It is clear that all that we know about the practice of courtly love, and the entire sphere in which it was localised in the Middle Ages, involves this sort of very rigorous technical elaboration of seduction, :

Recommended text : The Allegory of Love : Chapter 1 – Courtly Love : 1936 : C. S. Lewis or here Note : Jacques Lacan also comments on courtly love in Seminar VII: 10th February 1960 : Chapter XI: Courtly love as anamorphosis : See Dennis Porter’s translation : Seminar VII: The ethics of psychoanalysis: 1959-1960: begins 18th November 1959 : Jacques Lacan or here

About EC p11 : There is precisely something of a turning point at this moment. It is this moment that produces the progressive reversal of the fantasy of observation, from being observed to being the one observing.

Probably a reference to A Child is Being Beaten : 1919 : S. Freud : trans. J. Strachey, SE: XVII, PFL Vol 10. : Published with English & German shown at Richard G. Klein’s site  http://www.freud2lacan.com  & available here

Paragraph 40 : This appears to have been presented at the same Congress (19th Psycho-Analytical Congress in Geneva, 24-28 July 1955) as the paper examined in Seminar IV : 12th December : The Reality of the Object and Economic Point of View : 25th July 1955 (Geneva) : Francis Pasche & Michel Renard or here

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6. Seminar IV : 9th January 1957 – Fp95

This session is available, March 2019, as part of the compilation of sessions 1 – 7 See the beginning

Related Texts

Feminine Positions of Being : 1993 : Éric Laurent or here

For background reading of the debates on sexuality of the 1920s and 1930s, see Introduction – I to ‘Jacques Lacan & the École Freudienne: Feminine Sexuality’: 1982 : Juliet Mitchell or here

&

Introduction – II to ‘Jacques Lacan & the École Freudienne: Feminine Sexuality’: 1982: Jacqueline Rose or here

References

Paragraph 4 : The infantile genital organization: An interpolation into the theory of sexuality : 1923e : Sigmund Freud : See  www.Freud2Lacan.net 

Paragraph 7 : Probably The First Pregenital Stage of the Libido : 1916 : Karl Abraham or here

Paragraph 8 : On the Genesis of the Castration Complex in Women : September 1922 (Berlin) : Karen Horney  or  here

Paragraph 10 : Female Sexuality : 1931b : Sigmund Freud : SE XXI p221-243 : See  www.Freud2Lacan.net 

Paragraph 10 : reference to Jones could be one of three : above reference, The Phallic Phase : given in Wiesbaden on 4th September 1932 [1933] : Ernest Jones or  here  or Early Female Sexuality : 24th April 1935 : Ernest Jones or here

Paragraph 10 & 12 : The early development of female sexuality : 1st September 1927 (Innsbruck) : Ernest Jones or here

Paragraph 12 : On the Genesis of the Castration Complex in Women : September 1922 (Berlin) : Karen Horney or  here

or more probably Early Stages of the Œdipus conflict : 3rd September 1927 Innsbruck [1928] : Melanie Klein or here : Note : This paper was given at the same conference as the Jones one.

Bottom paragraph, p3 : The Significance of Masochism in Mental Life of Women : 27th July 1929 Oxford [1930] : Helene Deutsch or here

Paragraph 18 : psychotherapeutic interventions like, for example, the one I quickly mentioned to you regarding the little girl who was in the hands of a student of Anna Freud’s, : See Observation of a Phobia : December 1946 (London) : Anneliese Schnurmann or here 

Paragraph 24 : Probably A Short Study of the Development of the Libido, Viewed in the Light of Mental Disorders : 1924 : Karl Abraham: See here

Paragraph 26 : See The Psychogenesis of a Case of Homosexuality in a Woman: 1920: Sigmund Freud or here 

Paragraph 34 : Sigmund Freud: Fragment of an analysis of a case of hysteria (‘Dora’): 1901 [1905] : SE VII p7-114 : Available from www.Freud2Lacan.com 

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7. Seminar IV : 16th January 1957 – Fp111

Now available as part of the compilation of sessions 1 – 7. See beginning.

Paragraph 2 to 5 :  p1 to 2 : These are probably references to Sacha Nacht’s collection.  See 21stNovember 1956 above. Most of Lacan’s points seem to be taken from La Psychanalyse des Enfants : 1956 : Serge Lebovici, René Diatkine, Jean Alphonse Favreau. Patrick Luquet et Catherine Luquet-Parat [J. Luquet-Parat]  : See  here

Bottom P2 . “It could be observed that this child nonetheless re-constituted an entire family drama with a father, a mother, and even brother and sister rivals – I cite.” : Below are 3 examples of S. Lebovici et al.’s use of ‘cite’. This requires more investigation…… :

p209 : A vrai dire, c’est à propos de ces cas que I’on pourrait citer les comportements les plus spectaculaires de familles hantées par la crainte ….. : follows a reference to I,ebovici (S.), A propos de cinq malades autrefois traites par psychoth6rapie analytique (Communication au Congrès mondial de Psychiatric, 1950), in Compte rendu des scéances, VII, 1952, Herman, Paris, 144 p.

OR

bottom of p217 : Nous ne citerons qu’un exemple fréquemment observé dans les services de ‘Child-Guidance’ [Anna Freud] : depuis les travaux de M. Klein et de ses élèves :

OR

p223 : Nous citerons, en particulier, Ida Macalpine [37] qui, dans un article récent,à montre que ce sont les positions de frustration de la cure analytique qui provoquent les r6gressions. Chez l’enfant, Ia situation est particulière : nous avons vu que le jeu lui donne des satisfactions et que, par ailleurs, le Moi du sujet ne pourrait supporter une attitude totalement frustrante. [37] MacAlpine (I.), Development of ‘I’ransference, Psychoanal, Quarterly, 1950 19. 4. 502. It is not the MacAlpine paper.

Any offers of help gratefully received in order to trace this reference.

Paragraph 4 : The importance of symbol-formation in the development of the ego : 1930 : Melanie Klein or here

Paragraph 7 : “Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria” (1905 [1901]) Sigmund Freud : SE VII p7-114 : Available from www.Freud2Lacan.com 

&

Letter from Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess: 6th December 1896 : Known as Letter 52 or here

Paragraph 11 to 25 & 42 : ‘A child is being beaten’ a contribution to the study of the origin of sexual perversions: 1919 : S. Freud : trans. J. Strachey : SE XVII, PFL Vol 10. & Published with English & German shown at http://www.freud2lacan.com 

& possibly Essay I – The Sexual Aberrations : in Three Essays of the Theory of Sexuality : 1905 : Sigmund Freud : SE VII p123-245 : Section (3) The perversions in general. See http://www.freud2lacan.com Please note Jacques Lacan also refers to this text in 28th November 1956 session : See here

Paragraph 13 & 33 & 43 & 54 : ‘The Psychogenesis of a Case of Homosexuality in a Woman’ (1920),  ​SE XVIII p145-172 : See The Psychogenesis of a case of Homosexuality in a Woman: 1920: Sigmund Freud or here

P5 : ’and we locate, through the progress of analysis, something like the primal thing.’ : Many of the arguments Lacan uses here are foreshadowed in The Freudian Thing or the Meaning of the Return to Freud in Psychoanalysis : (Vienna) 7th November 1955 : Jacques Lacan or here

Paragraph 36 : the meaning of what Freud tells us when he speaks of the phallic stage of infantile genital organisation : probably The Infantile Genital Organisation(1923), Sigmund Freud : SE XIX p139-145  See http://www.freud2lacan.com 

Paragraph 37 : p118 of pfl Vol 7 : Three Essays on Sexuality : 1905 : Sigmund Freud : SE VII 123-245 : in Essay II Infantile Sexuality

Paragraph 45 : The importance of symbol-formation in the development of the ego : 1930 : Melanie Klein: The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1930, Vol 11, p24-39  : See here

Paragraph 46 : Beyond the Pleasure Principle : 1920g : Sigmund Freud  Part II, P283 of pfl  : SE Vol 2, pp. 14–17.  : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com see  here : Reference to the game of presence & absence – the Fort! Da! game

Paragraph 47 : Winnicott, D.(1953).Transitional objects and transitional phenomena—a study of the first not-me possession. int. j. psycho-anal., p34:89 : For notes & information : Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena – a Study of the First Not-Me Possession : 30th May 1951 (London) [1953] : Donald W. Winnicott : See here

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8. Seminar IV : 23rd January 1957 – Fp131 : published 8th May 2020

Para 1 :  ‘our famous game of odds and evens’

See Seminar II : 30th  March 1955 & Seminar II : 27th April 1955 which refers to ‘The Purloined Letter’ : See Seminar II: The Ego in Freud’s Theory and in the Technique of Psychoanalysis: 1954-1955: begins 17th November 1954 : Jacques Lacan or here

Para 2 : “it is no longer up to him whether what he has in his hands [the stolen letter (Purloined Letter)] …… “ : This refers to Edgar Allen Poe’s tale ‘The Purloined Letter’, published December 1844, as does Jacques Lacan’s seminar.  Seminar on ‘The Purloined Letter’ : 26th April 1955 : Jacques Lacan or here

Para 12 Freud’s definition of preconscious & unconscious in relation to conscious : The Interpretation of Dreams : 1900 : Sigmund Freud The Interpretation of Dreams: 1st November 1899 (published as 1900): Sigmund Freud  or here : Probably p541 of SE V , Part VII The psychology of the dream-process, Section (B) Regression.

Para 12 ‘which I gave, following Lagache’s report on transference, ‘  : This is Intervention on the Transference (Paris): Seminar on ‘Dora’ – 1950-1951: October 16th 1951: Jacques Lacan or here  

&  Some aspects of transference : 4th April 1951 (London?) : Daniel Lagache  or  here

Para 12 : Fragment of an analysis of a case of hysteria (‘Dora’): 1901 [1905] : Sigmund Freud : SE VII p7-114 : Available from Richard G. Klein’s website www.Freud2Lacan.com or here

Para 20 ‘perversion is the negative of neurosis’, : NOTE: this is a misquote!  Freud actually states : Psychoneuroses are, so to speak, the negative of perversions. (this is a repetition of 16th January 1956 statement). See p50-51 of Dora case above.

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9. Seminar IV : 30th January 1957- Fp151

Further note on a reference

This session is probably a deconstruction of the position Wladimir Granoff gives in  Fetishism: The Symbolic, the Imaginary and the Real : 1956 : Lacan Jacques and Wladimir Granoff or here  to which Jacques Lacan’s name was added.  The text was published in a book edited by A Sándor Lorand. This paper by the book’s editor, see Fetishism in Statu Nascendi : July 1929 (Oxford) : Alexander Sandor Lorand or here  is Footnote 2 in this text, and probably targeted by the phrase ‘Kleinian authors’.

Para 1 : ‘fundamental schema’ – see Classified index of the major concepts, Commentary on the graphs : 1966 : Jacques-Alain Miller : from ‘Écrits: a selection’ or here

Para 2 : ‘Unsuitable Substitutes for the Sexual Object – Fetishism’ : p153-155  SE VII of  Essay I The Sexual Aberration, in Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905) Sigmund Freud : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com, see here , and Fetishism : 1927 : Sigmund Freud, SEXXI : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com , download here 

Para 6 : Seminar on ‘The Purloined Letter’ : 26th April 1955 : Jacques Lacan : See here

Para 8 : Probably Some Psychical Consequences of the Anatomical Distinction between the Sexes (1925) Sigmund Freud,  SE XIX p241-258. See http://www.freud2lacan.com 

Para 8 : Freud: From the History of an Infantile Neurosis (The ‘Wolf Man’): 1914 [published 1918b] : Sigmund Freud  [Standard Edition: Vol 17 (SE XVII): p3 or Penguin Freud Library (PFL) : Vol 9: p225,  Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com : Section VII Anal Erotism and the Castration Complex : [p2793] SEXVII p84

This is the only place where Freud uses the phrase ‘idea of castration’

Para 11 : Possibly Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defence : 1938 [published 1940e] : Sigmund Freud,   SEXXIII p277-278 : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com 

Para 16 : Possibly SEXXIII p277-278  : see Para 11 

Para 17 : Fetishism (1927) Sigmund Freud, Probably  SEXXI P155-156 : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com 

Para 18 : Probably SEXXI p154 Fetishism (1927) : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com 

Para 20 : Fetishism (1927), Penguin Freud Library: vol 7: p345 : SEXXI p155 : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com 

Para 20 : See for example Chapter IV, Childhood Memories & Screen Memories of The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, Forgetting, Slips of the Tongue, Bungled Actions, Superstitions and Errors (1901) Sigmund Freud, SE VI. pp. 8-12 : published by www.Freud2Lacan.com : available here

Para 21 : Freud, Sigmund, “Fetishism” (1927), Penguin Freud Library: vol 7: p345 :  SEXXI p153-4 : : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com 

Para 23 : Freud, Sigmund, “Fetishism” (1927), Penguin Freud Library: vol 7: p345 : SEXXI p152 : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com 

Para 24 : Female Sexuality : 1931b : Sigmund Freud, : SEXXI p239 & SE XXI p240-243  & Published at www.Freud2Lacan.net  where Freud quotes Early Stages of the Œdipus conflict : 3rd September 1927 Innsbruck [1928] : Melanie Klein or here

& see notes to Fetishism in Statu Nascendi : July 1929 (Oxford) : Alexander Sandor Lorand or here 

Para 25 : Klein (1928) op. cit. p168 : Probably Early Stages of the Œdipus conflict : 3rd September 1927 Innsbruck [1928] : Melanie Klein or here

Para 27 : Alfred Binet, Le fetichisme dans l’amour [Fetishism in love]. Revue Philosophique, 24 ( 1887) : Help is requested in tracking down this reference

Para 28 : Some Observations on the Ego Development of the Fetishist : 1939 : Sylvia Payne or here

Para 28 : A Contribution to the Study of Fetishism : 7th February 1940 : William Gillespie  or here

Para 28 Pregenital Patterning : 1952 : Phyllis Greenacre  or  here   &/or  Re-Evaluation of the Process of Working Through : 5th May 1956 : Phyllis Greenacre or here

Para 28 Object-Relation Changes in the Analysis of a Fetishist : 1954 : Dugmore Hunter or here

Para 28 : reference to Psychoanalytic Study of the Child is probably Certain Relationships Between Fetishism and Faulty Development of the Body Image : 1953 : Phyllis Greenacre or here

Para 28 : Fetishism” (1927), Penguin Freud Library vol 7 p345 : SEXXI P154 : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com

Para 32 : Sylvia Payne (1939) Op. Cit. p165-166 : See Some Observations on the Ego Development of the Fetishist : 1939 : Sylvia Payne or here

Para 38 : Delinquent Acts as Perversions and Fetishes : 26th July 1955 (Geneva) : Melitta Schmideberg or here

? Manifestations of the Female Castration Complex : 1920 : Karl Abrahams : See here

Probably The Concept of Dread (Anxiety) : 1844: Søren Kierkegaard : See here : Originally published as : THE CONCEPT OF DREAD: A simple psychological deliberation oriented in the direction of the dogmatic problem of original sin By Vigilius Haufniensis

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10. Seminar IV : 6th February 1957 – Fp165

para 6 : Conversely, what is always understood as self-explanatory in a kind of rough usage of ‘the scopophilic relation’ – that showing oneself is correlative to the activity of ‘seeing’, voyeurism – is also a dimension that is readily forgotten

See Sigmund Freud: Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality: 1905d : SE VII p123-245   Published bilingual at www.Freud2Lacan.com /homepage (THREE ESSAYS ON SEXUALITY (Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie))

: From Essay I, The Sexual Aberrations : (A) Anatomical Extensions, Unsuitable substitutes for the sexual object – Fetishism : SE XXI, p152-153 :  James Strachey’s translation : In other cases the replacement of the object by a fetish is determined by a symbolic connection of thought, of which the person concerned is usually not conscious. It is not always possible to trace the course of these connections with certainty

& SE VII p155-157 : Essay I The Sexual Aberrations, (B) Fixations of Preliminary Sexual Aims,  Appearance of New Aims, op. cit.

: The force which opposes scopophilia, but which may be overridden by it (in a manner parallel to what we have previously seen in the case of disgust), is shame.

& Essay II Infantile Sexuality, 1905, Section 5 The sexual researches of childhood. :  SE VII p195,

On the contrary, the existence of two sexes does not to begin with arouse any difficulties or doubts in children. It is self-evident to a male child that a genital like his own is to be attributed to everyone he knows, and he cannot make its absence tally with his picture of these other people.

Castration Complex and Penis Envy

This conviction is energetically maintained by boys, is obstinately defended against the contradictions which defended against the contradictions which soon result from observation, and is only abandoned after severe internal struggles (the castration complex). The substitutes for this penis which they feel is missing in women play a great part in determining the form taken by many perversions.

[Footnote 2, added in1920:] We are justified in speaking of a castration complex in women as well. Both male and female children form a theory that women no less than men originally had a penis, but that they have lost it by castration. The conviction which is finally reached by males that women have no penis often leads them to an enduringly low opinion of the other sex.

 The assumption that all human beings have the same (male) form of genital is the first of the many remarkable and momentous sexual theories of children. It is of little use to a child that the science of biology justifies his prejudice and has been obliged to recognise the female clitoris as a true substitute for the penis.

para 6 p225 & para 7  p226 of  The Psychology of Transvestism : 31st July 1929 (Oxford) : Otto Fenichel See   here   http://www.lacanianworks.net/?p=12620 

Para 7 : The authors (a) who are – despite their apparent clarity – very bad theorists, such as Fenichel,

The authors may refer to the ones referred to by Sigmund Freud, for example, in part II of Female Sexuality, 1931b, SE XXI p221-243 [Published at www.Freud2Lacan.net  /homepage (Female Sexuality,)], See SEXXI  p242 where Otto Fenichel (1930) & Melanie Klein (1928) are referenced.

or (a) ii may be texts presented at Conferences, and cited by Jacques Lacan previously. as in the following examples:

Read before the Tenth International Psycho-Analytical Congress Innsbruck, September  1927

The early development of female sexuality : 1st September 1927 (Innsbruck) : Ernest Jones or here : International Journal of Psycho-Analysis (IJPA) : vol viii : 1927 : p 459-472 : Quoted by Jacques Lacan in Seminar IV : 5th December 1956 & Paragraph 10 of Seminar IV : 9th January 1957 

Early Stages of the Œdipus conflict : 3rd September 1927 Innsbruck [1928] : Melanie Klein See here : International Journal of Psycho-Analysis : Vol 9 : 1928 : p167 : Quoted by Jacques Lacan in Seminar IV : 28th November 1957, Paragraph 12 of Seminar IV : 9th January 1957, Probably Paragraph 24 of Seminar IV : 30th January 1957, Paragraph 25 : Seminar IV : 30th January 1957

Sachs, Hans. (1929) One of the Motive Factors in the formation of the Super-Ego in Women : International Journal of Psycho-Analysis (IJP) : v10 : p39 : Probably quoted in Seminar IV – to be located : See Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here

Read at the Eleventh International Psycho-Analytical Congress, Oxford, July 1929.

The Significance of Masochism in Mental Life of Women : 27th July 1929 Oxford [1930] : Helene Deutsch or here : International Journal of Psycho-Analysis (IJP) : v11 : p 48-60 : Quoted by Jacques Lacan in Seminar IV : 28th November 1957, Seminar IV : 9th January 1957 : p3 of Earl’s Court Collectives’ translation

The Psychology of Transvestism : 31st July 1929 (Oxford) : Otto Fenichel or   here    

Grades of Ego-Differentiation : 27th July 1929 (Oxford) published 1930 : Edward Glover & here : International Journal of Psycho-Analysis : v11: p1-11 : 1930 : Quoted by Jacques Lacan in Seminar IV : 21st November 1956

Certain aspects of Sublimation and Delusion: Oxford, 31st July 1929 (published 1930): Ella Sharpe  or here : International Journal of Psycho-analysis (IJP) : 1930 : v11 p12 :  Quoted by Jacques Lacan in Seminar VII : 20th January 1960, p107 of Dennis Porter’s translation, Seminar VII : 10th February 1960 : p139 of Dennis Porter’s translation

(b) Probably  The Psychology of Transvestism : 31st July 1929 (Oxford) : Otto Fenichel See   here, International Journal of Psychoanalysis (IJPA), vol 11, 1930, p211-226

OR

Or this may be a further reference to the Sacha Nacht collection.  See for example p66 of M. Bouvet, Clinical Analysis, The Object Relationship, 1956 : p19-77 of Psychoanalysis of Today : Compiled by S. Nacht : Edited by Ruth Emma Roman : Grune & Stratton 1959 : London & New York  See  Clinical analysis : 1956 : Maurice Bouvet or here

para 7 : Probably  The Psychology of Transvestism : 31st July 1929 (Oxford) : Otto Fenichel See   here   

Para 8 : I recently became interested in one of Fenichel’s articles which appeared in Psychoanalytical Journal, on what he calls the ‘girl = phallus’ equivalence. He himself authorised us to do this with respect to other equivalences in the well known series of equations, ‘faeces = child = penis’ – in fact, an interesting equation which does bear some relation to the equation that Fenichel is trying to offer us, the ‘girl = phallus’ equation.  Fenichel, O. (1949) The symbolic equation: girl = phallus. Psychoanal. Q., 18:303   See The Symbolic Equation – Girl = Phallus : 1936 : Otto Fenichel or here      Probably p324

Para 12 : Some went as far as to mention a ‘Mignon’ [character in Goethe’s Wilhelm Meister] type. You all know this fictional Mignon, this androgenous, bohemian, as Goethe clearly emphasises, who lives with this sort of super-paternal protector, both enormous and brutal, called [Hafner] the Harper.

Mignon is listed as a ‘little dancer’ in the list of characters, and is introduced as a child: “What is thy name?” he asked. “They call me Mignon.” “How old art thou?” “No one has counted.” “Who was thy father?” “The Great Devil is dead.”
So should be ‘androgynous’

This reminds me of the Dégas Sculpture ‘The Dancer’  The Little Fourteen-Year-Old Dancer (French: La Petite Danseuse de Quatorze Ans) is a sculpture begun c. 1880 by Edgar Degas of a young student of the Paris Opera Ballet dance school, a Belgian named Marie van Goethem.

Para 13 : Goethe somewhere says, in reference to this couple: “Hafner who she needs very much, and Mignon without whom he can do nothing”.

Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship (German: Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre) is the second novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, published in 1795–96.   Available to download at  http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/36483  

See p97-98 of The Project Gutenberg eBook, Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship and Travels, Vol. I (of 2), by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Translated by Thomas Carlyle

NOTE : should be translated as the Harper…. not Hafnor    Hafner is not a character in Goethe’s book, but is in Cosmopolis by Paul Bourget, 1892.  See https://www.gutenberg.org/files/3967/3967-h/3967-h.htm Der Harfner = the harper. 

In the English translation of Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship, the character is referred to as ‘the Harper’ even though his name is Augustin and not ‘Harper’. Have to watch those capitalized nouns in German. 

Para 15 : which tells him in a great hollow voice, “What do you want?”, “Che vuoi?

‘Che vuoi?’ appears at the top of Graph 3, Graph of desire, in The Subversion of the Subject and the Dialectic of Desire (Royaumont): 19th to 23rd September 1960: Jacques Lacan or here or  Écrits : 1966 : Jacques Lacan or here  : p315 of  Alan Sheridan’s translation.

This graph is developed over the course of Seminar V (See Seminar V : The Formations of the Unconscious : 1957-1958 : begins 6th November 1957 : Jacques Lacan or here)

This appearance of ‘Che vuoi?’ predates this development, so may be seen as the beginning of the Graph of Desire.

Para 17 : representing the relation with the beloved character who has a very significative name which I cannot remember.

“The name Biondetta means little blonde in Italian but to the sorcerer’s ear it could also be understood to mean both good little goddess (buona deatta) and well-said (ben detta).  Ref: http://arsrosaria.blogspot.com/2018/05/biondetta.html

Para 18  Another novel, Latouche’s Fragoletta, introduces a curious, plainly transvestite character

Hyacinthe-Joseph Alexandre Thabaud de Latouche, commonly known as Henri de Latouche (2 February 1785 – 9 March 1851) was a French poet and novelist known for his publication of André Chénier and early encouragement of George Sand (Also a woman). (His family name is also seen as “Thabaud de La Touche” and even sometimes “Delatouche”.)  Among his works is a novel, Fragoletta ou Naples et Paris en 1799 (1829) which attained a success of notoriety;

Para 20 : We are thus finally led to ask the question of what is implicit and perpetually questioned by this very criticism, namely, the notion of identification which is latent, present, emerging at every moment, then disappearing again, in Freud’s work since its origins. For there are already consequences of these identifications in The Interpretation of Dreams

The Interpretation of Dreams: 1st November 1899 (published as 1900): Sigmund Freud  or here  Probably  SEIV p150-151  & there are several others…

Para 20 : Freud wrote Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego, wherein there is a chapter explicitly devoted to identification.

From Group (Mass) Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego : 1921 : Sigmund Freud,  SE XVIII p69-143 : Published bilingual at www.Freud2Lacan.com    /Freud: The Metapsychological Papers, Papers on Technique and others : See Chapter VII Identification SE XVIII p105-110   

Note on the title : Published in 1921 as ‘Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse;  Translated into French, probably by Marie Bonaparte, in 1920 as ‘Psychologie des masses et analyse du moi’, Published, in 1922, translated into English by James Strachey as ‘Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego’ The French translation of Mass is nearer to the original German than Strachey’s Group. In this translation both Group and Mass are given.

Para 21 :  There is an article where Freud admits his difficulty – his impotence, even – in finding his way out of the dilemma posed by the perpetual ambiguity facing him, between two terms that he specifies: ‘identification’ and ‘object choice’. :

Owen Hewitson who found this reference comments ‘Lacan’s being a bit vague but at a guess I would suggest this is Chapter VII of the Mass Psychology paper (the chapter on identification). The reference would be SE XVIII p105-110. I would suggest that’s the most likely reference because in that chapter he talks about the problems of identification and object choice, citing where he has encountered it elsewhere (Dora, Mourning & Melancholia, the genesis of male homosexuality, etc).’ 

So Group (Mass) Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego : 1921 : Sigmund Freud, SEXVIII p69-143 : Published bilingual at www.Freud2Lacan.com    /Freud: The Metapsychological Papers, Papers on Technique and others 

Para 21 : This is incredibly instructive in itself, and it also brings instruction toof the unsettling ease with which everyone seems to be comfortable, using the terms as strict equivalents both in observation and theorisation, without asking for anything more.

Greg Hynds’ comment when translating,  ‘et qui… porte comme instruction la déconcertante facilité avec laquelle chacun semble s’en accommoder

When Lacan says “the unsettling ease with which everyone seems to be comfortable” to use the terms (identification and object choice) as strict equivalents, he’s criticising the way this has been taken up by the analytic literature.

So I would read this as “bringing instruction to“, this way in which the two terms are made equivalent. The point of the sentence being that Freud’s distinction has an important theoretical value on its own, but it also shows up the mistake that analysts have made in taking the two terms to mean the same thing.’

Para 21 : This is incredibly instructive in itself, and it also brings instruction toof the unsettling ease with which everyone seems to be comfortable, using the terms as strict equivalents both in observation and theorisation, without asking for anything more.

: Greg Hynds’ comment when translating,  ‘et qui… porte comme instruction la déconcertante facilité avec laquelle chacun semble s’en accommoder

When Lacan says “the unsettling ease with which everyone seems to be comfortable” to use the terms (identification and object choice) as strict equivalents, he’s criticising the way this has been taken up by the analytic literature.

So I would read this as “bringing instruction to” this way in which the two terms are made equivalent. The point of the sentence being that Freud’s distinction has an important theoretical value on its own, but it also shows up the mistake that analysts have made in taking the two terms to mean the same thing.’

para 22 : Die zweierlei Mechanismen der Identifizierung : 26th April 1936 – Basel : Gustav Hans Graber  or  here  

Para 23 : Chapter VIII of Freud’s work Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego immediately follows the chapter which is officially about identification, and it starts with a statement which brings us into an atmosphere of something which would otherwise be pure, more so than what we usually read: “Linguistic usage …”

In German : GW XIII p104 “Der Sprachgebrauch bleibt selbst in seinen Launen irgend einer Wirklichkeit treu.”

Ch VIII  Being in Love and Hypnosis p111-116

Opening para SE XVIII p111 : Even in its caprices the usage of language remains true to some kind of reality. Thus it gives the name of ‘love’ to a great many kinds of emotional relationship which we too group together theoretically as love; but then again it feels a doubt whether this love is real, true, actual love, and so hints at a whole scale of possibilities within the range of the phenomena of love. We shall have no difficulty in making the same discovery from our own observations.

Group (Mass) Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego : 1921 : Sigmund Freud, SEXVIII p69-143 : Published bilingual at www.Freud2Lacan.com    /Freud: The Metapsychological Papers, Papers on Technique and others 

Para 23 : We get to the second paragraph, and here is an example of a very bad French translation of Freud’s texts. We read in the German text: “At the same time as this identification with the father, perhaps even a little sooner” – which is translated as “a little later”.

Jacques Lacan has returned to Ch VII Identification – Group (Mass) Psychology ibid.

German : GW XIII p98 : English SE XVIII p105

Para 23 : …implies an object choice, but an object choice which nonetheless still needs to be articulated in a very problematic way

In German : GW XIII p104  English SE SE XVIII p111

Para 23 : and it starts with a statement which brings us into an atmosphere of something which would otherwise be pure, :

Reminds the writer, Julia Evans, of ‘Wo es war, soll Ich werden’ : Lecture XXXI : : Dissection of the personality: 1932 : Sigmund Freud, SE XXII, which Lacan comments on repeatedly & in 28th November 1956.  See also Comments on Mr Hesnard’s presentation – Reflections on Sigmund Freud’s “Wo Es war; soll Ich werden” : 6th November 1956 : Jacques Lacan   or  here   http://www.lacanianworks.net/?p=12635

Para 25 : In the Du Seuil edition [p172], the German is omitted & the text tidied up so ‘appurtenance amoureux’ is omitted.

Para 25 : The choice of object, so deeply linked to narcissism [p172] in Freudian analysis – this object which is a kind of other ‘me’ [moi] in the subject, to take things further than the sense in which Freud articulates it perfectly, this is what is at stake: how can we articulate this difference between identification and Verleibtheit [Obsession] in its most elevated forms, seemingly, its fullest forms, which we call fascination, amorous devotion [appartenance amoureuse], in their most elevated manifestations known as subservience, or the devoted affiliation which is easy to describe. 

[Reads German text]

Ch VIII Being in Love & Hypnosis, Group (Mass) Psychology,(1921) op.cit.

GW XIII p106-107  SE XVIII p113-114  

Para 25 : Introjektion und Übertragung [Introjection and transference] : 1909 : Sándor Ferenczi  or  here 

Para 26 : In truth, it ought to read simply as Ferenczi translates it: “introjects itself” [« s’introjecte »] – this is the matter of introjection in its the relation to identification.

See quote from SE XVIII p113-114 above & Ferenczi, S. (1909) ‘Introjektion und Übertragung’, Jb psychoanalt. psychopath. Forsch., I, 422 [Trans.: Introjection and transference, First Contributions to Psycho-Analysis, London, 1952, Chap. II] : See Introjektion und Übertragung [Introjection and transference] : 1909 : Sándor Ferenczi  or  here  Possibly  p77

Para 26 : That is not quite what Freud says: “This object which he has positioned in the place of his constitutive element…”

SE XVIII p113-114 : James Strachey gives : it has substituted the object for its own most important constituent.

Para 27 : He had previously paused for a long while on what happens in the state of love, in which the subject is more and more dispossessed, to the benefit of the object, loved with all of his being, which becomes literally taken by humility, by a complete subjection in relation to the object he is invested in.

See para 23 : SE XVIII p114 :

Para 36 :  p10 :  the prevalence that the object acquires, the breast or the pacifier accordingly

Pacifier is    la tétine in French and can also be translated as  ‘dummy’

Para 45 : We have to figure out what this object is which, in Verliebtheit, positions itself in the place of the ego or the ego ideal – as Freud saw very clearly, and mentions at the end of his article  : Mass Psychology (1921) SE XVIII ChVII p109-110

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11. Seminar IV : 27th February 1957 – Fp179

Comment : Seminar IV : 27th February 1957 – The Anorexic Gap  by Julia Evans on 1st February 2022  or  here

Citation : Fp193 reference 8 of Shame, an old-fashioned affect? : (Paris) November 2009 : Jean-Luc Monnier or here

References

Para 2 : Reference to La thérapeutique psychanalytique (Psychoanalytic Therapy) : 1956 : Sacha Nacht  or  here 

Le Congrès des Psychanalystes des pays romans: quelques éléments d’histoire : 1991 : Alain de Mijolla or  here   

Para 6 : Seminar III : 16th May 1956  :  p235 of Russell Grigg’s translation : See Seminar III: The Psychoses: 1955-1956: from 16th November 1955: Jacques Lacan or here        

Para 11 refers to Jean Mallet’s text which was presented in the XVIII Congress of psychoanalysts of Romance languages in Paris in 1955.  The split from the SPP in 1953 is mirrored in the history of these Congresses.  Those Lacan cites are on the Nacht side of the split.  More extensive notes in this text & in the Alain de Mijolla text. See above.

See Troisième Rapport – Contribution à l’étude des phobies : probably September 1955 (Paris) : Jean Mallet  or here   

Para 13 : Seminar III :  30th November 1955 :  p39-40 of Russell Grigg’s translation : See Seminar III: The Psychoses: 1955-1956: from 16th November 1955: Jacques Lacan or here  & Seminar III : 14th December 1955 : p64 of Russell Grigg’s translation : See Seminar III: The Psychoses: 1955-1956: from 16th November 1955: Jacques Lacan or here        

Para 14 : Seminar III : 30th November 1955 : p36 of Russell Grigg’s translation : See Seminar III: The Psychoses: 1955-1956: from 16th November 1955: Jacques Lacan or here        

Para 14 : Beyond the Pleasure Principle : 1920g : Sigmund Freud  Part II, P283 of pfl  : SE Vol 2, pp. 14–17.  : Available bilingual as published at www.Freud2Lacan.com  /homepage (BEYOND THE PLEASURE PRINCIPLE)

Para 20 : What is this libido: the libido of preservation, or sexual libido?  Of course, it is the latter in itself; it is even the latter that involves ‘destrudo’, but it is precisely because it became involved in this dialectic of substitution of satisfaction in the face of the demand of love, that it is an eroticised activity in the first place: libido in the strict sense, a sexual libido. : See Todestrieb und Masochismus : 8th June 1935 (Vienna) : Eduardo Weiss or here 

Para 20 : … on the topic of the eroticisation of the breast, for example, by Mr. Charles Blondel. In the latest issue of Etudes philosophiques, focused on Freudian commentary, Mrs. Faver-Boutonier reminds us  : La psychanalyse et les problèmes de l’enfance : October 1956 : Juliette Favez-Boutonier or here   

Para 21 – 22 : This – and this alone – explains the true function of symptoms such as mental anorexia. [Two lines from bottom of p184]  [p177 of Adrian Price’s translation, which does not give the French page numbers]

[16 lines down, 2nd paragraph of p185] I spoke to you of the primitive relation to the mother, who at this moment becomes a real being, precisely because in being able to refuse indefinitely, she can do literally everything.

Footnote : In Jacques Lacan – Séminaire IV Éditions du Seuil (1994) p184-185, two paragraphs are included which have not been translated as they do not appear in the original transcript used for this translation. Adrian Price refers to this as ‘interpolated material’ in Translator’s Notes, ‘XI The Phallus and the Unfulfilled Mother’ – Note 2,   Jacques Lacan – The Object Relation, The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book IV, Polity Press 2020, p437

Seminar IV : 27th February 1957 – The Anorexic Gap  by Julia Evans on 1st  February 2022  or here  

Related text : Comment on how Jacques Lacan’s texts grow or shrink over time! : 11th March 2022 : Julia Evans  by Julia Evans on 11th March 2022  here   

Para 31 : You may have seen a sort of booklet come out in 1939, as the fourth edition of the year of the International Journal of Children’s Analysis. It seems that someone said: ‘All the same, there is something in language…’ : Probably On the Exceptional Position of the Auditory Sphere : 1939 : Otto Isakower  or  here  

Para 31 : I’m basing this on Loewenstein’s article, which … : See Some remarks on the role of speech in psycho-analytic technique : probably October 1956 : Rudolph Loewenstein  or  here  

Para 31 : Course in Linguistics : 1916 (in French) : Ferdinand de Saussure. English translations are available on the internet or from www.LacanianWorksExchange.net   /texts by request.  Ask for the password.

Para 32 : The Nature and Function of the Analyst’s Communication to the Patient : 5th May 1956 : Charles Rycroft  or  here  

Para 38 : Probably The Phallic Phase : given in Wiesbaden on 4th September 1932 [1933] : Ernest Jones or here    

Para 38 : Reference to Jones & Freud, See p77 of Jacqueline Rose’s translation of The Meaning (or Signification) of the Phallus (Munich): 9th May 1958 : Jacques Lacan  or here 

Reference to Freud : SE XIX p174 -176 & SE XIX p178-179 of The Dissolution of the Oedipus Complex : 1924d : Sigmund Freud, SE XIX p173-179 :  Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com  /homepage  (The Dissolution of the Oedipus Complex (Der Untergang des Ödipuskomplexes))

& SE XIX p251-253 of Some Psychical Consequences of the Anatomical Distinction between the Sexes: 1925j : Sigmund Freud, SE XIX p241-258.  Published bilingual by www.Freud2Lacan.com  /homepage (Some Psychical Consequences of the Anatomical Distinction Between the Sexes (Einige psychische Folgen des anatomischen Geschlechtsunterschieds))

Para 43 : The Elementary Structures of Kinship : Claude Lévi-Strauss, The Elementary Structures of Kinship, 1949.  Available here   

Para 47 : See Manifestations of the Female Castration Complex : 1920 : Karl Abrahams or here

Para 48 : Probably SE XXI p225 of Female Sexuality:  1931b : Sigmund Freud, SE XXI p221-243. See  www.Freud2Lacan.net /homepage (Female Sexuality,)

Para 50 : p242-243 of Female Sexuality : 1931b : Sigmund Freud, SE XXI p221-243  : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.net /homepage (Female Sexuality,)

& p324 of The Flight from Womanhood: The Masculinity-Complex in Women, as Viewed by Men and by Women : 1926 : Karen Horney or here

& p460-1 of The early development of female sexuality : 1st September 1927 (Innsbruck) : Ernest Jones or here

Para 52 : Probably p213 of  The Psychology of Transvestism : 31st July 1929 (Oxford) : Otto Fenichel See   here  

Para 55 :  SE XXIII p275 of Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defence : 1938 [published 1940e] : Sigmund Freud,  SE XXIII  p273 : Published at www.Freud2Lacan.com  /homepage (Splitting of the Ego in the Process of Defense)

Para 58 : SE X p22 of Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy – ‘Little Hans’: 1909, SE X p5-149, Available from www.Freud2Lacan.com  /homepage  (Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy (Little Hans))

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12. Seminar IV : 6th March 1957 – Fp215

 NOTE : From Adrian Price’s Translator’s Note on “XII On the Oedipus Complex”, p438 of Jacques Lacan – The Object Relation – The Seminar of Jacques Lacan|Book IV, edited by Jacques-Alain Miller, Polity Press (2020), the dates given to two sessions have been swopped.  This session given on 6th March is published as if given on 13th March & the session given on 13th March is published as the 6th March.  The same swop has been made in Jacques Lacan – Le Séminaire livre IV – La relation d’objet edited by Jacques-Alain Miller, du Seuil (Mars 1994). The page number which refer to the French text jump from p198 at the end of 25th February 1957 to p215 at the beginning of this session.

A paper is in preparation on this giving more details & will be posted shortly.

References

Para 1 Sigmund Freud  “Female Sexuality” (1931b) SE XXI p221-243  See  www.Freud2Lacan.com /homepage (Female Sexuality,)

Para 1 Sigmund Freud Draft N – Notes (III) (31st May 1897), enclosed with Letter of 31st May 1897 – Letter 64:   p250 of The Complete Letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess 1887-1904 Belnap Press (1985)

Para 5  The early development of female sexuality : 1st September 1927 (Innsbruck) : Ernest Jones  See  here for extensive notes on aphanasis.  “This notion, specific to him and cited mainly by English authors, is ‘aphanisis’”. ‘Aphanisis’ is used on p461, p462, p463, p467, p468, p470, p472 of Jones (1927) [1929]

Para 7 : Seminar XI : 4th  June 1964 is a session where Jacques Lacan further explores aphanisis.  p216-229 of Alan Sheridan’s translation, titled The Subject and the Other – Aphanisis.  Usually translated as fading. See Seminar XI: The Four Fundamental Concepts: 1963-1964 : beginning 15th January 1964 : Jacques Lacan  or  here

Para 10 : Quote : ‘Privation and castration are here used distinctly, only because it is in fact impossible to articulate anything about the impact of castration without separating out the notion of privation insofar as it is what I called a ‘real hole’.’ : This continues the argument began in Seminar III : 21st March 1956 : p176 of Russell Grigg’s translation : ‘It’s a matter of a dissymmetry in the signifier. This signifying dissymmetry determines the paths down which the Oedipus complex will pass. The two paths make them both pass down the same trail – the trail of castration.’ : See  Seminar III: The Psychoses: 1955-1956: from 16th November 1955: Jacques Lacan or here

Para 23 : Sigmund Freud, Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy – ‘Little Hans’ (1909) SE X p5-149, www.Freud2Lacan.com  /homepage  (Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy (Little Hans))

Para 25 : It is clear that he [Hans] loves his father very much,  : SE X p44  Hans: “Yes. Why did you tell me I’m fond of Mummy and that’s why I’m frightened, when I’m fond of you?” Here the little boy was displaying a really unusual degree of clarity. He was bringing to notice the fact that his love for his father was wrestling with his hostility towards him in his capacity of rival with his mother; …

Para 25 : admits the little Hans into his parents’ bed against the father’s, her spouse’s, express reservations. SE X p17 Lying in bed with his father or mother was a source of erotic feelings in Hans & SE X p23 Unfortunately, when he got into an elegiac mood of that kind, his mother used always to take him into bed with her.

Para 26 : “If you masturbate, we’ll have Dr. A cut it off.”.  :  SE X p7-8 op. cit.  Sigmund Freud’s Footnote 2, SE X p7 ‘I have nevertheless put forward the view that the term ‘castration complex’ ought to be confined to those excitations and consequences which are bound up with the loss of the penis.’

Para 31 : Alice Balint, Love for the Mother and Mother Love. Twice referred to in Seminar IV : 12th December 1956

Parts of this paper were first published under the title ‘Reality Sense and the Development of the Ability to Love’ in the S. Ferenczi Memorial Volume : Lélekelemzési tanulmányok, Budapest, 1933.   The final version appeared in German under the title ‘Liebe zur Mutter und Mutterliebe’ in Int. Z. f. Psa. u. Imago (1939), 24, 33-48.   Published in English in International Journal of Psycho-Analysis – IJPA (1949) V30 p251  See Love for the Mother and Mother Love : 1939 : Alice Balint or here 

para 37 : We see the child completely involved with this relation in which the phallus plays the most obvious role.

SE X p7 : The first reports of Hans date from a period when he was not quite three years old. At that time, by means of various remarks and questions, he was showing a quite peculiarly lively interest in that portion of his body which he used to describe as his ‘widdler’   [‘Wiwimacher’ in the original.]

6th March 1957 : para 47 : … because I only use the term ‘regression’ according to the strict scope I gave to it in the last session before the break,

Seminar IV : 6th February 1957 : para 33-36 : p10 ‘It is strictly impossible to conceive of this evocation of the oral drive’ … to … p11 ‘For the penis, being a thing, can at any moment place an object somewhere in the lineage and in the stead of the breast and the pacifier [la tétine – also dummy].’

6th March 1957 : para 50 : These objects, which compelled Freud, and which also made necessary the analogy between the father and the totem in the construction of ‘Totem and Taboo’

Totem and Taboo: 1912-1913 : Sigmund Freud,  SE XIII p 1 -162 Published  bilingual at www.Freud2Lacan.com  / Freud: The Metapsychological Papers,  Papers on Technique and others    (2. TOTEM AND TABOO (Totem und Tabu)).   Probably SE XIII p128-129

6th March 1957 : para 54  : The recovery happens when castration expresses itself as such, in the clearest way, in the form of an articulated story. Namely, the ‘installer’ comes, unscrews it and gives him another one.

Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy – ‘Little Hans’: 1909, SE X p5-149 Available bilingual www.Freud2Lacan.com /homepage  (Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy (Little Hans)) – See SE X p98-99

6th March 1957 : Para 55 : Freud is constantly forced to say: it is better than nothing, it was right to let him speak, and especially, he says, “do not understand too quickly” – you’ll find it in these terms at the bottom of a page – and these questions he presses him with.

See SE X p22-23 – Little Hans (1909)

13. Seminar IV : 13th March 1957 – Fp199

14. Seminar IV : 20th March 1957 – Fp231

15. Seminar IV : 27th March 1957 – Fp249

16. Seminar IV : 3rd April 1957 – Fp269

17. Seminar IV : 10th April 1957 – Fp285

18. Seminar IV : 8th May 1957 – Fp303

19. Seminar IV : 15th May 1957 – Fp319

20. Seminar IV : 22nd May 1957 – Fp337

21. Seminar IV : 5th June 1957 – Fp353

22. Seminar IV : 19th June 1957 – Fp371

23. Seminar IV : 26th June 1957 – Fp381

24. Seminar IV : 3rd July 1957 – Fp411-435

End Note – some context

Jacques Lacan & Psychoanalytical Institutions

Object Relations theory (from Wikipedia.org here) : The initial line of thought emerged in 1917 with Sandor Ferenczi and, later in the 1920s, Otto Rank, coiner of the term “pre-Oedipal,”. British psychologists Melanie Klein, Donald Winnicott, Harry Guntrip, Scott Stuart, and others extended object relations theory during the 1940s and 1950s. Ronald Fairbairn in 1952 independently formulated his theory of object relations.

Within the London psychoanalytic community, a conflict of loyalties took place between Klein and object relations theory (sometimes referred to as “id psychology”), and Anna Freud and ego psychology. In America, Anna Freud heavily influenced American psychoanalysis in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s. American ego psychology was furthered in the works of Hartmann, Kris, Loewenstein, Rapaport, Erikson, Jacobson, and Mahler. In London, those who refused to choose sides were termed the “middle school,” whose members included Michael Balint and D.W. Winnicott.

1932 to 1938 : Dr Rudolph Loewenstein was Jacques Lacan’s training analyst. Born in Poland, Loewenstein would emigrate to New York during the War, where he would be a principal proponent of ego psychology.

1934 : Joined the Société Psychoanalytique de Paris

1936 : Presented paper on the ‘mirror stage’ to the International Psychoanalytic Congress in Marienbad (Information here )

Until 1952 : Distinguished member of the French psychoanalytic establishment

1953 : From Wikipedia : Société Française de Psychanalyse : Despite wishing himself to avoid a split, Lacan was drawn into the dissident movement led by Daniel Lagache, as a result of his own separate dispute with the president Sacha Nacht over his practice of “short sessions”.

8th July 1953 : Conference Report, SIR : Inaugural meeting of SFP, Paris : 8th July 1953 : Jacques Lacan or here This was the first so-called scientific presentation of the new Societé Française de Psychanalyse (French Psychoanalytic Society), which had just resulted from the split that occurred in the French psychoanalytic movement.

14th July 1953 : Letter to Rudolf Loewenstein : 14th July 1953 : Jacques Lacan or here Rudolf Loewenstein was also the analyst of the two other principles referred to in this letter, Sacha Nacht and Daniel Lagache. Daniel Lagache, a psychoanalyst and Sorbonne professor, was a proponent of integrating psychoanalysis into a general theory of psychology. He saw in the University the institutional ethos best suited for guiding the organization of the practice of psychoanalysis

Notes on Sacha Nacht : What is concealed by the so-called “Cht” and why? : 9th March 2019 : Réginald Blanchet or here

21st July 1953 : Letter to Heinz Hartmann : 21st July 1953 : Jacques Lacan or here

30th July 1953 : Minutes of the meeting of the International Psychoanalytical Association : 30th July 1953 : Dr Heinz Hartmann (IPA President & Chairman of the Meeting) . An analysis of the emergent themes here Many of those critiqued in Seminars I & II, were present & active at this meeting. Dr Rudolph Loewenstein, tried to find a way through supported by Dr Paula Heimann & others. Miss Anna Freud & Dr Sacha Nacht, supported by Dr Ernest Jones & Princess Marie Bonaparte seem to lead the attack.

26th September 1953 : Following the lecture in July 1953, Lacan set about writing the report that he was to present in Rome two months later at the first congress of the new society and which was epoch-making (Rome Report (Autres Écrits) : Also known as ‘The function and field of speech in psychoanalysis’ :  September 1953 (Écrits) : see here for information & availability.

18th November 1953 : Seminar I begins

17th November 1954 : Seminar II begins.

1955 René Spitz’s text The Primal Cavity : a contribution to the genesis of perception and its role for psychoanalytic theory : 1955 : René Spitz is published. Jacques Lacan refers to this on ECp4 of 21st November 1956 (See here) & ECp5 of 28th November 1956 (See here)

1955 to 1956 : There seems to be reference in 28th November 1956 to Wilhelm Reich.

1956 Fetishism: The Symbolic, the Imaginary and the Real : 1956 : Lacan Jacques and Wladimir Granoff : See here] is published. Wladimir Granoff asked a question at Conference Report, SIR : Inaugural meeting of SFP, Paris : 8th July 1953 : Jacques Lacan : See here

I hope to update this note.

21st November 1956 : Seminar IV begins.

In the first session, La psychanalyse d’aujourd’hui : 1956 : a collection under the direction of Sacha Nacht is criticised by Jacques Lacan [See here for further information.] The whole seminar is returning ‘object relations’ from the certainties emerging with the ego psychologists to the structures as proposed by Sigmund Freud. Jacques Lacan also comments on Sigmund Freud’s fifth case study ‘Little Hans’

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Julia Evans

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst

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Notice:

Many texts with links which do not work are now available from www.LacanianWorksExchange.net Contact Julia Evans, if a particular text or book is missing.

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Further texts

Click on categories in the right hand margin, then scroll down.

By Sigmund Freud https://lacanianworks.net/category/by-author/freud-sigmund/ 

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud  https://lacanianworks.net/category/works-in-progress/freud/ 

By Jacques Lacan  https://lacanianworks.net/category/by-author/lacan-jacques/ 

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan  https://lacanianworks.net/category/works-in-progress/lacan/ 

Use of power  https://lacanianworks.net/category/networking-politics/b-policy/ii-use-of-power/ 

Of the clinic  https://lacanianworks.net/category/practice/case-studies/case-studies-clinical/ 

Lacanian Transmission   https://lacanianworks.net/category/networking-politics/a-ethics/lacanian-transmission/

Some Lacanian History https://lacanianworks.net/category/lacanianworks-references-to-freud-lacan/some-lacanian-history/ 

Topology  https://lacanianworks.net/category/practice/case-studies/case-studies-clinical/topology-and-the-clinic/ 

From LW working groups  https://lacanianworks.net/category/works-in-progress/ 

By Greg Hynds  https://lacanianworks.net/category/by-author/hynds-greg/   

By Julia Evans    http://www.lacanianworks.net/?p=12365