The relation of perversion-formation to the development of reality-sense : 7th September 1932 (Wiesbaden) [1933] : Edward Glover

by Julia Evans on September 7, 1932

Published: International Journal of Psychoanalysis : October 1933 Vol 14 : p486-504

Available at /authors a-z

Expanded from a paper delivered before the Twelfth International Psycho-Analytical Congress, Wiesbaden, September 7, 1932

References to Sigmund Freud

P 492 : Biassed doubt by Freud’s pronouncements on the subject, in particular view that the neurosis is the negative of the perversion, I had already had difficulty in ‘placing’ the
perversions in a systematic classification of psycho-pathological states. p496 : Do perversions form a
developmental series reflecting stages of overcoming anxiety of the individual’s own body or of external objects by excessive libidinization? And as a corollary do they not only help to preserve reality sense in other departments of the psyche but indicate the order in which reality sense develops?

The arguments in favour of attempted reassurance by excessive libidinization are not very seriously in dispute (see, for Freud’s (9) remarks on the etiological relation of hate to sexuality). :

(9) Freud : ‘Certain Neurotic Mechanisms in Jealousy, Paranoia and Homosexuality’. Collected Papers, vol. ii, published 1923. : Some neurotic mechanisms in jealousy, paranoia and homosexuality : 1922b : : Sigmund Freud

P496 : A further difficulty lies in the earlier pronouncement of Freud (11) that perversions are not formed directly from component
impulses but that the components in question must first have been through an œdipus phase. :

(11) Freud: ‘A Child is Being Beaten’. Collected Papers, vol ii, published 1923. : A Child is Being Beaten : 1919 : S. Freud : trans. J. Strachey, SE: XVII, PFL Vol 10.

See also Introductory Lectures. New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis: 1932 (Published 1933) : Sigmund Freud : It is not known to which lecture this refers.

P496-497 : in which the etiology of perversions is what monotonously described in terms of castration anxiety. But since Freud (13) has sanctioned a broader use of the term ‘œdipus’, we are quite free to consider a chronological element in perversion- formation. :

(13) Freud: ‘ Female Sexuality’. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1932, vol. xiii, p. 281.: New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis : Sigmund Freud : 1932 (Published 1933) : Lecture XXXIII: ‘Femininity’: 1932 (published 1933)

P500 : There is in fetichism a degree of localization of
and stereotyping of displacement which promises to give more exact information of early anxiety systems than does the average perversion. Freud (16) himself has pointed out that the denial of anxiety effected by fetichism is similar to the psychotic denial of reality. :

(16) Freud: ‘Fetichism’. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1928, vol. ix, p. 161. : Fetishism: 1927 : Sigmund Freud : SE Vol XXI (1927-1931) / pfl Vol 7 p345

P502 : The first etiological formulations concerning fetichism singled out phallic scoptophilic and sadistic factors : later the importance of the imagined
phallus of the mother was increasingly emphasized. Still more 
the significance of other elements has been stressed. Freud had remarked that the fetich chosen may not necessarily be a
penis symbol, …. : Probably Fetishism : 1927

Jacques Lacan’s references to this paper:

Seminar IV ; 21st November 1956  : see Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here

Seminar VI

Availability given Seminar VI: Desire and its interpretation: 1958-1959 : from 12th November 1958 : Jacques Lacan or here

Seminar VI: 13th May 1959 : Chapter 20 : p253 & p254 of Cormac Gallagher’s translation

Seminar VI: 17th June 1959 : Chapter 25 : p313, 314, 315, 316

Seminar VI : 1st July 1959 : Chapter 27: p344, 345, :

Quoted in Clinical analysis : 1956 : Maurice Bouvet : See here



Julia Evans

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst in Earl’s Court, London


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Further posts :

Some Lacanian history here

Of the clinic here

By Sigmund Freud here

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud here

By Jacques Lacan here

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here

By Edward Glover   here

Translation Working Group here