On the Etiology of Drug-addiction : July 1932 : Edward Glover

by Julia Evans on July 1, 1932

International Journal of Psychoanalysis : July 1932 : Vol 13 : p299-328

Available at www.LacanianWorksExchange.net /authors a-z

Referenced by Jacques Lacan:

Seminar IV : 21st November 1956 : see Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here

Seminar VI: Availability given Seminar VI: Desire and its interpretation: 1958-1959 : from 12th November 1958 : Jacques Lacan or here

17th June 1959 : Chapter 25 : p313 of Cormac Gallagher’s translation

References to Sigmund Freud’s texts

p298 : Those whose interest in psvcho-analysis is comparatively recent,
dating, say, from the publication of ‘Beyond the Pleasure-Principle’,
might be excused for thinking that sadism and the aggressive instincts
are new discoveries. : Beyond the Pleasure Principle: 1920g : Sigmund Freud

P299: It is, of course, implicit in Freud’s original pronouncement regarding paranoid states : namely, that the symptom is in part an attempt at restitution, i.e. an advance from the unconscious situation it covers. : Freud : ‘An Autobiographical Account of a Case of Paranoia, Collected Papers, Vol. III, 1925. : Psychoanalytic notes on an autobiographical account of a case of paranoia (Dementia Paranoides):1910 [published 1911c] : Sigmund Freud

P301-302: It is true that in Freud’s latest paper on paranoia the significance of death-wishes is emphasized, and it is true also, as has been stated, that aggression is implicit in the earlier conception of ambivalence. : Freud: ‘Certain Neurotic Mechanisms in Jealousy, Paranoia and Homosexuality’, Collected Papers, Vol. II, 1924.

: Some neurotic mechanisms in jealousy, paranoia and homosexuality : 1922b : Sigmund Freud

P302 : Nevertheless in the Schreber paper no direct mention was made of the aggressive impulses and the mechanism of paranoia was described mainly in terms of libidinal conflict and related to repression of the inverted Œdipus situation. Only a few statements in Freud’s more recent writings help to modify the earlier emphasis on libidinal factors in paranoia, e.g. that the mechanism of projection depends on ambivalence,(5) or that in cases of homosexuality an exceedingly hostile aggressive attitude has been not only repressed but transformed into a love relationship(6) ; implying thereby that a homosexual system can function as a defence against hate and aggression.(7)

5 Freud: The Ego and the Id, London, 1927. : ‘Das Ich und das Es’: ‘The ego and the id’: 1923 : Sigmund Freud

6 Freud: ‘Certain Neurotic Mechanisms in Jealousy, Paranoia and Homosexuality’. Collected Papers, Vol. 1I. 1924. : Some neurotic mechanisms in jealousy, paranoia and homosexuality : 1922b : Sigmund Freud

7 Later, in ‘The Ego and the Id, Freud takes the view that this transformation does not imply a transformation of hate into love, but is the result of a transfer of neutralized energy to the love aim. This later view does not detract from the defensive significance of the manœuvre.

P307, Footnote 19: Since this was written Freud has made an important pronouncement on the question of terminology {‘ Female Sexuality ‘, this Journal, p. 281} : he says, a propos of pre-Œdipus stages, that there is no objection to attaching a wider significance to the term Œdipus complex ; it can be regarded if need be as including all the relations of the infant to both parents.

: Female Sexuality : 1931b : Sigmund Freud

P308 : Like all other systematizations, the foregoing has to be judged mainly in terms of descriptive convenience; in other words, the aptness of what Freud has called ‘the metaphorical expressions peculiar to psychology … of the deeper layers’. : No reference given.

P322-323 : The third point is also concerned with reassurance. It involves the idea that a good substance can either neutralize a bad substance or can make good any injury caused by an existing bad substance. These mechanisms have now been shewn to play a large part in obsessional neuroses (26) and in many apparently normal activities, e.g. sublimations. : (26) Freud : Hemmung, Symptom und Angst, Wien. :

Inhibitions, Symptoms & Anxiety : 1926d : Sigmund Freud

P327: As Freud has said on the more general subject of life and death instincts, ‘ we are driven to the conclusion that the death instincts are by their nature mute and that the clamour of life proceeds for the most part from Eros ‘. (29) 29 See note 6 p302 : 6 Freud: ‘Certain Neurotic Mechanisms in Jealousy, Paranoia and Homosexuality’. Collected Papers, Vol. 1I. 1924. :

Some neurotic mechanisms in jealousy, paranoia and homosexuality : 1922b : Sigmund Freud


Julia Evans

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst in Earl’s Court, London


Note : If links to any required text do not work, check www.LacanianWorksExchange.net. If a particular text or book remains absent, contact Julia Evans.


Further posts :

Some Lacanian history here

Of the clinic here

By Sigmund Freud here

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud here

By Jacques Lacan here

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here

By Edward Glover here

Translation Working Group here