Grades of Ego-Differentiation : 27th July 1929 (Oxford) published 1930 : Edward Glover

by Julia Evans on July 27, 1929

Text read before the Eleventh International Psycho-Analytical Congress at Oxford, July 27, 1929.


International Journal of Psycho-Analysis : Vol 11: p1-11 : 1930

Available at /authors a-z

Quoted by Jacques Lacan

Seminar IV : 21st November 1956 : see Seminar IV : The Object Relation & Freudian Structures 1956-1957 : begins 21st November 1956 : Jacques Lacan or here

Quotations from Sigmund Freud

p1 : Not long after Freud first published his systematization of psychic structure in terms of the Ego, the Super-ego and the Id, a tendency manifested itself amongst psycho- analytic writers, to convert what had been of necessity a fluid presentation into a more rigid and refractory medium. :

Probably ‘Das Ich und das Es’: ‘The ego and the id’: 1923 : Sigmund Freud

P4? : As usual Freud himself was the first to foresee this danger: in his original essay he warned us that from the topographical point of view, although the Id and Ego systems could be illustrated by a conventional diagram, a system such as that of the Super-ego did not lend itself to diagrammatic representation; and again he entered a mild caveat against taking abstractions too seriously when (in Hemmung, Symptom und Angst) he warned us against regarding the mental systems as armed camps. :

The ego and the id : 1923 : as above

& Inhibitions, Symptoms & Anxiety : 1926d : Sigmund Freud

P7? : . Is it permissible to say that a Super-Ego is an immediate derivative of the Id? The reply might be made that if it is justifiable to regard the Ego system as a whole as being a differentiated part of the Id, it is at any rate conceivable that the Super-Ego system represents some of the more direct modifications. To do so however is to put a certain amount of strain on the topographical aspect of Freud’s psychic systematizations. An Id concept is after all the expression of ideas concerning instinct and concerning phylogenetic ego inheritance; apart from its special relationship to the ‘repressed’ its main justification in theoretical description is the extent to which it simplifies and clarifies the concept of an organized Ego system, and Freud has been content so far to represent the idea of an Id-Ego boundary in the most elastic terms. :

Probably The ego and the id : 1923 : as above

P9 : Possessed as it is of the instruments of cognition, the primitive Ego is driven by inner tension to make sharper perceptions of objects. It is moreover the primitive Ego which by virtue of its tendency to aversion gradually develops the system of denial which, as Freud points out, is the first step in the acceptance of objects associated with pain. It is the primitive Ego’s first libidinal drive towards incorporation, which is the first step in adaptation to the outside world,


Julia Evans

Practicing Lacanian Psychoanalyst in Earl’s Court, London



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Further posts :

Some Lacanian history here

Of the clinic here

By Sigmund Freud here

Notes on texts by Sigmund Freud here

By Jacques Lacan here

Notes on texts by Jacques Lacan here

By Edward Glover   here

Translation Working Group here